An argument is semantically defined as the individuals that a predicate property or relationship describes which is asserted as true. Different predicates require a different number of arguments to determine their truth value. (Kroeger, 2019, p. 67)

In Skwxwu7mesh, the majority of roots are patient-oriented, where their only argument is the participant that undergoes an event, rather than the agent. (Jacobs, 2011, p. 38)

In Secwepmctsín, an argument is identified by it being marked with a determiner. Therefore, even verbal elements can function as an argument with an added determiner. In this context, arguments are thus not limited to nominal categories. (Lai, 1998, p. 10)


Examples in the Skwxwu7mesh Context of Participant Arguments (Jacobs, 2011, p. 38)
Examples in the Secwepmctsín Context of Arguments (Lai, 1998, p. 10)


Jacobs, P. W. (2011). Control in Skwxwu7mesh. [Doctoral dissertation, The University of British Columbia].

Lai, I. S. (1998). The grammar and acquisition of Secwepemctsín independent pronouns. [Master’s thesis, The University of British Columbia].