The binding conditions make predictions about coreference based on syntactic structures and can therefore be used as a test of syntactic configurationality. The application of binding conditions yields the predictions below for configurational and non-configurational languages. (Lai, 1998, p. 15)
While Halkomelem has largely been argued as a non-configurational language (Hukari, 1983), Secwepemctsín has evidence supporting it as a configurational language in addition to a non-configurational language (Lai, 1998).
|Condition A||An anaphor must be bound in a local domain.|
|Condition B||A pronoun must be free in a local domain.|
|Condition C||An R-expression must be free.|
|Configurational Language||Flat (Non-Configurational) Language|
|Maryi likes heri father||Maryi likes heri father|
|Mary’si father likes heri||*Mary’si father likes heri|
|Heri father likes Maryi||Heri father likes Maryi|
|*Shei likes Mary’si father||*Shei likes Mary’si father|
Hukari, T. E. (1983). Halkomelm and configuration. ICSNL, 18, 214-238.
Lai, I. S. (1998). The grammar and acquisition of Secwepemctsín independent pronouns. [Master’s thesis, The University of British Columbia].