In contrast to bound, the term free refers to the lack of binding acting on a particular clause or noun phrase. In other words, free is the opposite of bound and therefore does not allow for a given noun phrase to be coindexed by a c-commanding phrase. (Carnie, 2006, p. 155)


Example from the Secwepemctsín Context of where the Pronominal her is Free in the Object Determiner Phrase xwist-∅-és (Lai, 1998, p. 15)


Carnie, A. (2006). Syntax: A generative introduction. John Wiley & Sons.

Lai, I. S. (1998). The grammar and acquisition of Secwepemctsín independent pronouns. [Master’s thesis, The University of British Columbia].