An interactive glossary of linguistics concepts for SFU Indigenous language learners and revitalists
A phoneme is a term used to describe a perceptually distinct unit of sound (Zsiga, 2013, p. 204) and are the smallest units of speech which can distinguish one word from another. The term phoneme is also used to refer to the set of sounds within a “family,” also called allophones, which are not perceptually distinct.
Hul’q’umi’num’: The following example provides a list of phonemes in Hul’qumi’num. that is, they are all separate and unique speech sounds.