Reduplication is a non-concatenative process which involves copying a portion of the base and reattaching the “copied part” as an affix onto the base (it can be attached as a suffix, prefix, or infix). Reduplication can be either full or partial, and there may be instances of both within a single language.
- Full reduplication is when the whole base is copied and reattached.
- Partial reduplication is when only a portion of the base is copied and reattached.
- According to Dyck (2004), reduplication is a widespread process in the Skwxwú7mesh language and can be found in multiple grammatical processes (p. 171). For example, there are two types of prefixal reduplication in Skwxwú7mesh, being:
- CVC-reduplication (full)
- CV-reduplication (partial)
- Examples of partial and full reduplication in Skwxwú7mesh can be observed in the as follows: